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Department of Morphology, Pathology and Public Health

Morphology in medicine is otherwise referred to as clinical morphology. It means a special section of pathological anatomy that studies the tissues and organs of patients in order to diagnose any diseases and morphological changes in them, as well as determining how to treat them. Clinical morphology studies a fairly wide aspect of human life, and therefore includes the following categories of research:

  • biochemical ;
  • endoscopic ;
  • cytomorphological ;
  • genetic and so on.

Tasks of medical morphology

Select the following tasks of medical morphology:

  • Revealing pathologies. At this stage, any pathologies of the development of human cells and organs, mutational changes that have a significant impact on
  • human development, deterioration of his health are revealed.
  • Study of the mechanism of mutational processes, as well as various morphological changes. Of particular interest to scientists is the moment of a person's birth and death.
  • Study of diseases, including oncological ones, search for the optimal model of patient treatment.
  • The use of empirical information, which was obtained in the study of a specific object or a specific human organism, acquires great importance. Scientists are especially interested in secondary changes influenced by the environment, various mutations that occur with humans. In other words, they are interested in the process of its variability, the relevance of the issues of transmission of these traits by inheritance in connection with the action of the principle of heredity.

    In light of the above, the so-called descriptive method is of particular importance for the development of medical morphology. It means fixing any incoming information with verbal symbols, that is, using a special sound and sign system. Objects that scientists study within the framework of morphology must be studied as fully and accurately as possible.

    This direction is also marked by extensive dissection and scientific work. Such work is carried out mainly in the departments where anatomy is studied as a medical science, in hospitals, health care institutions. There are corresponding academic disciplines containing theoretical proposals in these areas. There are a number of scientific centers dealing only with the study of medical morphology and anatomy. For example, the corresponding centers operate in Berlin, St. Petersburg, and Moscow. The tasks of doctors include the formulation of a specific diagnosis of the patient, determination of methods and methods of treatment and restoration of all body functions.

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